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Superplasticizer’s efficiency on the mechanical properties of recycled aggregates concrete


Most research on recycled aggregates concrete concern aggregates produced from concrete waste, rather

than actual construction and demolition waste. Different investigations have assessed that sulfonatedbased

superplastizers are not as efficient in recycled aggregates concrete than on natural aggregates concrete,

but no significant loss of polycarboxylic-based superplasticizer efficiency has been reported. This

may not be valid when the aggregates are sourced from actual construction and demolition waste, due

to the higher porosity, roughness, and weaker mechanical properties of aggregates produced from this

source. This paper analyses the mechanical properties of superplasticized concrete with the incorporation

of construction and demolition waste. Recycled aggregates produced from construction and demolition

waste were taken directly from plants and used as aggregates without screening or treatment, emulating

what would happen in a practical application by the concrete industry. The results of the tests and the

superplasticizer’s efficiency are compared with results on natural aggregate concrete compositions and

on analogue recycled concrete aggregate concrete compositions with and without superplasticizers.

The composition of the different construction and demolition waste aggregates is considered during

the analysis of results. Evidence was found that when recycled aggregates are sourced from construction

and demolition waste, polycarboxylic-based superplasticizers perform satisfactorily but may not be as

efficient as in natural aggregate concrete compositions.